What is MDF? Types and advantagesEducation
MDF is a medium-density fiberboard widely used in the production of furniture, doors and door moldings, in interior decoration, as well as in construction.
MDF boards are made by pressing wood fiber at high temperature. At that, only natural components are used in the production process, which makes the material absolutely safe for human health.
The main advantages of MDF boards include:
- high strength;
- environmental friendliness;
- moisture resistance;
- long service life;
- ease of installation;
- heat and noise insulation properties;
- decorative properties.
There is a classification of MDF boards by the type of processing (raw or melanine faced MDF) and physical properties (moisture-resistant, fire-resistant).
Raw (untreated) MDF board is available for sale without any decorative processing. This gives furniture manufacturers and interior designers the widest creative possibilities: untreated wood boards can be laminated, covered with melanine or film, varnished, etc.
Melanine faced MDF
Melanine faced MDF boards are produced by applying decorative paper impregnated with melanine resins to the raw MDF board. Melanine application can be made on one or both sides. Decorative paper allows giving the melanine faced board any desired color. Melanine faced MDF boards are used for manufacturing cabinet furniture, cladding decorative panels, open shelves and furniture facades.
Moisture-resistant MDF boards can withstand high humidity without losing their properties and without swelling. Due to their structure, they are more resistant to moisture than natural wood. Moisture-resistant MDF boards are suitable for the manufacture of kitchen tabletops, window sills, bathroom furniture, floor bases (including for cladding), as well as for finishing damp and unheated rooms.
Fire-resistant MDF boards have increased fire-resistant properties and can be used in public places where the strictest fire safety rules must be observed. In particular, such boards have a low risk of fire, a low level of smoke formation, do not contribute to the spread of flame and do not form burning particles. Fire-resistant MDF boards are intended for finishing floors, walls, ceilings, doors and partitions in public places (libraries, cinemas, medical, educational, penitentiary institutions, etc.).
When choosing products for the manufacture of furniture and interior items that will be used in public places, we recommend paying attention to the new product by Kastamonu – fire-resistant boards corresponding to the KM1 class of fire hazard of construction materials. They have a low degree of toxicity and have no analogues of Russian manufacture.
For the ease of distinguishing between moisture-resistant and fire-resistant MDF boards, Kastamonu has introduced a different color matching for them: green pigment is added to moisture-resistant boards, while red pigment - to fire-resistant ones. This color matching is used only for visual differences between the boards and does not affect their physical, mechanical and strength properties.